Bartholin abscess is the buildup of pus that forms a lump swelling in one of the Bartholin glands. These glands are found on each side of the vaginal opening. A Bartholin abscess forms when a small opening duct from the gland gets blocked. Fluid in the gland builds up and may become infected.
Genital lymphedema is a buildup of fluid that causes swelling in the soft tissues of the genital area. Lymphedema is due to blockage in or damage to the lymph system. This condition can affect both males and females. When the lymph system is operating normally, it circulates lymph throughout the body via a series of vessels and ducts. After that, it returns lymph to the bloodstream. A blockage or breakdown in this system in the genital area can lead to leakage of lymph into the surrounding soft tissue.
Normally they are invisible. They make a small amount of fluid that lubricates the vaginal lips. If a flap of skin grows over the opening of one of the glands, the fluid backs up. It causes a round swelling called a cyst. Cysts can be tender.